December 3, 2015
National Health Expenditures in 2014 Grew at Fastest Pace Since 2007
National health expenditures surpassed $3 trillion for the first time in history last year, with the U.S. spending an average of $9,523 per person in 2014. Total expenditures grew 5.8 percent from 2013—the fastest rate of growth since 2007. An increase in the number of individuals with private insurance and large increases in the number of individuals enrolled in Medicaid contributed to the growth in spending, along with the use of new pharmaceutical treatments; prescription drug spending increased 12.2 percent. The net cost of health insurance increased 12.4 percent—the second time since 2009 that the net cost of insurance has grown by double digits in a single year. With the implementation of hundreds of new health care regulations, the cost of health insurance has grown 41 percent from 2009 to 2014. Spending on hospital care increased 4.1 percent last year and spending on physician and clinical services increased 4.6 percent. The chart below shows the growth in health care expenditures, by category, for each year since 2009. During this period, health expenditures per capita have grown 1.1 percent faster than gross domestic product (GDP) per capita.
Yesterday’s report also reveals the impact that the growth in our health care entitlement programs is having on government budgets. Enrollment in Medicaid last year grew 13.2 percent and enrollment in Medicare increased 3.1 percent. Since 2009, enrollment in these two programs has increased 30 percent and 16 percent, respectively. Additionally, expenditures per enrollee have increased every year as a result of both higher prices and increased utilization. Consequently, the cost to the government of administering these programs has increased 36 percent over the past six years.
The federal government paid for 28 percent of all health care spending last year; when state and local government spending is added, total government expenditures accounted for 45 percent of all health care dollars. Again, Medicaid is responsible for much of the increase in health care expenditures—spending grew 11 percent in 2014, nearly twice the rate of growth in 2013. Since 2009, Medicaid expenditures have grown 32 percent. However, while the majority of the increased cost to government is now being borne by the federal government because of the high match rate for newly-eligible individuals enrolled in Medicaid, total government health care expenditures across all programs have grown more quickly since 2009 for state and local governments than for the federal government, as shown below, putting significant pressure on state budgets and forcing cuts in other areas.